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What are AHA'S and BHA'S

April 7th, 2020

What are BHA’s And AHA’s?

AHA’S and BHA’S are natural ingredients which are used to exfoliate the superficial layers of the skin. Your skin is a regenerative organ which is continually working to shed and remove the dead skin cells, if the process of cell removal is hindered side effects such as clogged and enlarged pores, blackheads, whiteheads, wrinkles, loss of firmness and uneven skin tone are apparent.

Exfoliation is the process of removing the dead skin cells once the skin is working effectively you will notice an improvement in the appearance of the skin, it will become less dry, less oily and you will have less breakouts, blackheads and whiteheads. Wrinkle depth and the appearance of wrinkles will also improve.

So, what are AHA’s and BHA’s

Alpha hydroxy Acids and Beta Hydroxy Acids are chemical peeling agents which can be used to speed up the cell renewal process of your skin. These Chemicals are widely produced and can be found in many home skincare products, these can also be used in much stronger formulations professionally for chemical peeling treatments.

AHA’s include Glycolic acid, Malic acid, lactic Acid, Tartaric acid and Kojic acid.

These ingredients are not oil soluble they are water soluble. These ingredients are used for skins which lack oil and are used to promote hydration levels, reduce dryness, improve pigmentation marks, wrinkles and general brightening of the skin. AHA’s have demonstrated an ability to work deeply increasing tissue thickness by approximately 25% this will improve the signs of ageing but also delay the appearance of ageing.

BHA’s include Salicylic acid, Beta Hydroxy butanoic acid and Tropic acid.

These Oil soluble acids make them very effective at penetrating the oil allowing the cleaning and removal of bacteria, dead skin cells and oil from deep inside the pores. They can also reduce redness and sensitivity as salicylic acid has anti-inflammatory and an anti-bacterial action.

At home using BHA’S and AHA’s?

These ingredients can be formulated within wash off cleansers, toners, exfoliators or overnight creams.

*They are not suitable to use alongside prescription medication both topical and oral.

Cleansers and Toners – Use daily possibly morning and evening these contain light acids.

A broad-spectrum sunscreen must be used daily if using toners with acids see my blog here on Sunscreen

http://www.skindeep-clinic.co.uk/daylight-protection-not-sunlight-protection

Exfoliators and overnight creams – Use weekly these have a higher percentage of ingredients and are formulated to work more actively than a daily use product these are particularly good to use alongside toners if you have pigmentation marks and suffer with congestion.

Juliette Armand Preparator Lotion is a daily toner which can also be used as a pre-treatment homecare product before a chemical peeling course.

It combines lactic 3% and glycolic acids 2% to improve the superficial layers of the skin and its function. It also contains Peonia Flower extract to reduce pigmentation, it is anti-ageing and an anti-oxidant. Allantoin regenerates cells promoting cell turnover. It is also soothing and moisturising and Hamamelis extract cools and firms the skin due to the presence of tannin and tannic acid

Juliette Armand AHA Smoothing Cream can be used on an evening as a night cream, mask and exfoliator combined, this can be used nightly for the first week and weekly thereafter it is a fantastic product to combine into your homecare routines.

It contains Lactic acid 2.7%, Glycolic Acid 5.3% and Mandelic Acid 1.0%. The added ingredients such as Centella Extract and Keratoplast improve collagen production, tissue firming and improving the uniform colour of the skin. To maximise this product’s potential layering serum and moisturiser on top will improve the anti-ageing and moisturising benefits.

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What are AHA'S and BHA'S
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